Vilnius has an effective and cheap network of busses and minibuses. Prices for a buses and minibuses are up to € 1,5.
Most buses in Vilnius are owned and operated by the city, with a few private buses offering a ride for the same price as a city bus if you bought your ticket from a kiosk (2Lt). For the uninitiated, recognising which is a private and which is a city bus isn’t easy. As a rule, city buses tend to be blue and yellow, but not always. Private buses are a little faster as they don’t have to pull in at every stop along the route. Tickets for private buses are only available on board, and are sold by a conductor who makes a tour of the vehicle every few stops. If riding on a city bus, single tickets need to be validated in the appropriate device. Buy a ticket from the driver if you don't already have one for 2.50Lt.
The glorious 1969 design inside the city’s main post office does little to help make life easy for anyone wishing to post a letter who doesn’t speak the local lingo. An array of windows provides numerous services, from selling stamps to faxes. There’s also a shop selling a wide range of commemorative stamps for lovers of philately. Note the extraordinary calendar on the wall on the right at the back that needs changing by hand daily. Late night post offices operate in two of the city’s large shopping centres at Ozo 25 (Akropolis), open 10:00 - 22:00, and Saltoniškių 9 (Panorama), open 08:00 - 20:00, Sat 10:00 - 19:00, Sun 10:00 - 17:00.
Lithuanian climate is continental and marine.
Average annual temperature 6.1 C
Average winter temperature –4.9 C
Average summer temperature 17 C
Annual precipitation 748 mm
La moneda oficial de Lituania es la LITA (1 Lita= 0,2896 Euros).
La moneda oficial de Letonia es el LATS (1 Lats= 1,4091 Euros)
La moneda oficial de Estonia es el EURO.
Foreign currencies can be easily exchanged in the banks and exchange offices as well as at the hotels without any commissions charged. Most Vilnius banks are open Monday-Thursday 08:00-17:00, Friday, Saturday- 08:00-15:00.
Lithuanian currency: Litas and Cents
100 cents = 1 Litas
Coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents; 1, 2, 5 Litas
Banknotes: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 Litas
1 Euro = 3.4528 LT
Table manners are quite relaxed, although you should wait for your host to indicate where you should sit. The continental style of eating is followed in Lithuania, in which the fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right hand, while you are eating. Hands should be kept visible, and above the table, with wrists resting on the table edge when you are not eating. It is customary to take small amounts of food and to then accept a second helping. It is also considered polite to try all foods that are offered.
Table napkins are left on the table, and not placed on the lap. When you have finished eating, your knife and fork should be placed in the formation of a cross on top of your plate, with the handles facing to the right, and the tines of the fork facing downward. The first toast will be made by the host, and will be made with liquor rather than beer or wine. At some point later in the meal, it is appropriate for a guest to reciprocate by offering their own toast.
Men and women typically shake hands when greeting each other in Lithuania. Female friends often greet with a kiss on each cheek. People are generally courteous and it is expected that visitors will be also, including thanking people for assistance and holding doors open for anyone behind them.
Lithuanians are very proud of their country’s culture and traditions. As a visitor, it is expected that you will respect their culture and national identity and never speak negatively about the country’s leaders, whether current or historical.
Business matters are conducted quite formally, and appropriate, conservative dress is the norm, regardless of the nature of the business meeting. It is expected that appointments be made well in advance and that you arrive on time. Tardiness is considered a sign of disrespect, and being respectful by showing good manners is essential for successful business relations. English is the language of international business in Lithuania, although you may also encounter German, Polish and Russian being spoken.
Nationals of EU countries receive health care free of charge or at reduced rates in Lithuania, on producing a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Urban hospitals in Lithuania generally meet international standards, and are of a particularly high standard in Vilnius. In the cities, most physicians speak English, although this isn’t the case in rural areas. Qualified pharmacists are found incities and most major towns. They not only provide medicines, but offer advice and often perform minor medical treatments.
Being a relatively small city, Vilnius can boast many hotels. The choice is diverce, featuring many international top names including Kempinsky, Radisson Blu, Le Meridien, Holiday Inn, Novotel, Relais & Chateux, Ramada as well as cosy boutique hotels and guest houses run by local families. Your delegates and participants will find any category of accommodation in Vilnius.
- 5 five-star hotels 463 rooms 880 beds
- 22 four-star hotels 1558 rooms 2956 beds
- 27 three-star hotels 1384 rooms 2799 beds
- 23 two- and one-star hotels 797 rooms 1714 beds
Total in the city 77 hotels, 4202 rooms, 8349 beds
Distances from Vilnius to European Capitals
Berlin: 820 km
Brussels: 1470 km
Helsinki: 580 km
Copenhagen: 810 km
London: 1750 km
Moscow: 790 km
Oslo: 1030 km
Paris: 1700 km
Prague: 910 km
Riga: 310 km
Stockholm: 680 km
Tallinn: 500 km
Warsaw: 420 km
Calling Lithuania from the United States explained:
- 011 - US exit code; must be dialed first for all international calls made from the USA or Canada
- 370 - country code for Lithuania
- area code - 3 digit area codes
- phone number - 5 digits
- US to Lithuania international dialing format : 011-370-XXX-XX XXX
How to dial to Lithuania cellular:
- for calls to a cell phone dial: 011-370-6X XXX XXX
To call abroad from Lithuania:
- From a land line phone: 00 Your Country Code The Number Abroad
- From a mobile phone: + Your Country Code The Number Abroad
To call to Lithuania from abroad, dial the Lithuania country code, 370, then the number, as if calling from a domestic mobile phone.
International and roaming calls are expensive. To reduce your bill you can:
- Buy "phone cards" for international calls
- Talk over the Internet
If you're bringing a laptop, Wireless LAN Hot-Spots are available in distinct places (mostly "Zebra" from - TEO), sometimes free, otherwise not very cheap. Best chances of finding one are at airports, railway stations, in cafés, shopping malls, universities, various places. You can ask in your hotel, but be prepared to pay. For those who need to connect at an Internet cafes, major cities do have internet cafes. You can get free wireless Internet in Kaunas main pedestrian street - Laisvės Alėja. Internet speed in Lithuania is actually better than American internet speed. Download speed reaches 26.2 Mb/s, while upload speed is 16.8 Mb/s. Keep in mind that the internet service that provide such speeds are not free.
With your mobile phone you can use: CSD, HSCSD, GPRS or EDGE, but the cost may be unattractive. UMTS is only available in some bigger cities. If your phone is not SIM-locked, you may consider purchasing a pre-paid SIM card designed for data access.
If you want to communicate with your friends or locals using internet, you'll need two programs Skype or ICQ. The most popular chatting program is Skype, all of which can be used in English as well. As well in Lithuania social websites are getting very popular.
Latvia 546 km
Byelorussia 650 km
Poland 110 km
Kaliningrad region (Russia) 303 km
- ca: Lituània
- de: Litauen
- eo: Litovio
- es: Lituania
- fi: Liettua
- fr: Lituanie
- hu: Litvánia
- it: Lituania
- ja: リトアニア
- nl: Litouwen
- pl: Litwa
- pt: Lituânia
- ro: Lituania
- ru: Литва
- sv: Litauen
Lithuania lies in the Eastern Europe, on the coast of the Baltic Sea and covers 65.300 sq m. The length of coastline is 99 km..
Jan 1, New Year's Day
Jan 13, Defenders of Freedom Day
Feb 16, Lithuanian Independence Day
March 11, Day of Restoration of Lithuania's Statehood
April 16, Easter Monday
July 6, Crowning of Mindaugas Day (Day of Statehood)
Aug 15, Assumption Day
Nov 1, All Saint's Day
Dec 25/26, Christmas Day, Boxing Day
|Standard time zone:||GMT +2|
|Daylight savings:||start 2005.03.27 03:00|
|Daylight savings:||end 2005.10.30 04:00|
Measurement system: Metric
The minibus, or maršrutiniai taksi to give it its correct name (you may also hear one referred to as a Latvija), is a privately-owned phenomenon as favoured in many former Soviet republics. Often but not always bright yellow, minibuses follow similar routes to buses and trolleybuses, are much faster, and accordingly cost a little more to use (currently 3Lt). They have no official stops, so in order to stop one you need to stand by the side of the road and get its attention by waving your arm. Likewise, you need to tell the driver when you want to get out again. When crowded, hand your payment via other passengers to the driver.
There are three mobile phone operators in Lithuania: Omnitel, BITE and TELE 2. About 97% of the country's surface is covered by the standard European GSM 900/1800 MHz network, the remaining 3% are non-walkable forests.
We could call Lithuania a land of storks. Every year there are around 15,000 pairs of white storks raising their young, in an area of 65,000 square kilometers. If we were to count all of them, the number would come to about 50,000. Since the country’s human population is three and a half million, encounters with storks are common.
Lithuanians have also kept up the quaint tradition of saying that storks bring babies. It is a long-forgotten myth in many European countries, but Lithuanians are not surprised if a child claims that his brother or sister was brought by a stork
In Lithuanian restaurants, cafes, bars and other public institutions smoking is prohibited unless special smoking rooms are established.
When taking an international flight always make sure that you are carrying the necessary documentation for the country you are going to. Such documentation includes passport, visa, exit permit, etc. Every country has its own rules for visitors of various nationalities. When visiting certain countries, for example, your passport has to be valid for at least another six months following your return to the Lithuania.
Street parking in Vilnius is divided into three colour-coded zones, namely red, yellow and green. Spending 1Lt will buy you 20 minutes in the red zone, 30 minutes in the yellow zone, and 60 minutes in the green zone. Parking meters (colour coded, so you know how much to pay) eat coins and regurgitate a little printed ticket. Times when payments are required are marked on blue signs using Roman numerals to represent days, and numbers to represent times. A sign which displays I-V 8-22 for example means you must pay to park on Monday (I) to Friday (V) from 08:00 to 22:00. Signs can be hidden or placed miles away from the parking space in question. Be careful. A pay-by-SMS system is also in operation, although in order to use it you must have a local mobile phone SIM card. Buy a bar-coded windscreen sticker and register it in order to use this service if you’re planning on living in the city or staying for an extended period of time. Keep valuables hidden at all times, including radios if possible. Car crime rates are high in Lithuania. Use guarded parking facilities at all times if you can, especially when parking a car overnight.
The population of Lithuania totaled 3.5 million in 2004.
Of this 81.3 % are Lithuanians,
8.4 % Russians,
7 % Poles,
1.5 % Byelorussians,
1 % Ukrainians,
0.1 % Jews and 0.7 % Germans, Latvians, Tatars, Gypsies and others.
Central post Office
Gedimino Ave. 7.
Tel. 616 759.
Open: I-V 07:00-19:00, VI 09:00-16:00.
Dariaus and Gireno str. 40.
Tel. 267 722.
Open: I-V 08:00-18:30, VI 09:00-12:00.
Express Mail Service
Vokieciu str. 7.
Tel./fax 618 024.
Open: I-V 07:30-12:00, 13:00-16:30.
TNT Express Worldwide
Rinktines str. 26.
Tel. 732 528.
Fax 725 466
Open: I-IV 08:00-17:00, V 08:00-16:00
Lithuanian public telephones (taksofonas) work using a card-only system, of which there are several denominations to choose from, namely 9Lt, 13Lt, 16Lt and 30Lt respectively. Get them from any Lietuvos Spauda kiosk, post office and most petrol stations.
SÍ. Los viajeros de países de la Unión Europea pueden recibir atención médica de forma GRATUITA o aPRECIOS REDUCIDOS en los países bálticos presentando su TARJETA SANITARIA EUROPEA (TSE). Los hospitales urbanos cumplen generalmente con los estándares internacionales de calidad. Los mejores hospitales están situados en las capitales de cada una de las repúblicas Bálticas y además, en ellos la mayoría de los médicos hablan inglés y ruso por lo que no tendrá problemas a la hora de comunicarse con ellos.
Regional differences of Lithuanian culture reflect the complicated historical development of the country. Since the thirteenth century five ethnographic areas, or regions, have historically formed in the current territory of Lithuania:
Literally Highlands, northeastern and eastern region.
Samogitia, literally Lowlands, north-western region.
Southern and south-western region.
Absolute majority – Roman Catholic, but there are Russian Orthodox, Protestant and other religious organizations.
Traffic drives on the right side of the road in Lithuania.
Summer tyres must be used between 1 April and 10 November, and winter tyres between 10 November and 1 April.
During the daytime, drivers of motor vehicles and motorbikes must drive with dipped headlights.
The Baltic is in general seen as a safe area with no imminent threat of terrorism or violence. In an international survey Vilnius is rated as the safest capital in the Baltic States and also safer than many European capitals. Take care of your money and other valuable things and remember that not all people you meet are what they pretend to be.
Shops are generally open 10:00 - 19:00 on weekdays and from 9:00-17:00 on Saturdays. Many shops are open on Sundays as well. Most major shopping centers and supermarkets are open 8:00-24:00 daily.
Towns 50 Km/h
Country roads 90 Km/h
Highways 110 Km/h (Oct 1 - Apr 1)
Highways 130 km/h (Apr 1 - Oct 1)
Vilnius - Kaunas highway 100 km/h
Numerous taxis are operating in Vilnius. Taxi's hired in street can be expensive and not always of the best quality. It is recommended to call Martono Taxi 1422 or +37052400004. The price for a taxi from the airport to the centre is around € 15.
Tourist information centres can be found in Vilnius in several locations.
There’s an office at Didzioji street 31, in the town hall (phone: +370 5 262 6470), one at Vilniaus street 22 (phone: +370 5 262 966) and one at Geležinkelio street 16, in the train station (phone: +370 5 269 2091).
These centres typically provide free city guides that list restaurants, a variety of accommodation options, attractions and main points of interest and events.
The average Lithuanian, if asked about the national dishes, without blinking an eye would offer cepelinai (potato and meat dish), vėdarai (intestines stuffed with potatoes) or potato pancakes.
And even though the potato only reached Lithuania in the 17th century, from the 19th century on, potato dishes became the second daily bread. You can get potato dishes in almost every café. It’s a food that’s hard to digest, for traditionally it is garnished with sour cream and cracklings. Better not eat potato dishes before bedtime. One of the most popular dishes – cepelinai. This is an oval shaped grated potato dumpling filled with ground meat. It’s interesting that this dish got its name from the zeppelin or dirigible, which was manufactured by the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin. The aircraft was named after the inventor, while the form resembled Lithuanian cepelinai.
Also try the cold borscht. It’s a soup made from cold beets, cucumbers and greens, eaten with hot potatoes.
Don’t think that Lithuanians eat only potatoes. Any given café or restaurant will offer you an abundance of meat, fish or pancake dishes.
What other food can Lithuanians brag about? Why bread in all its glory. Almost every store will offer you not less than ten types of bread – with cumin, grain, nuts or even with fruit. You should also try natural yogurt and sweet cottage cheese.
Many of them done up like a French tart’s boudoir, Vilnius’ upside-down railway keeps a large part of the city’s population on the move. Trolleybuses are often policed by the sort of sweet old ladies usually found staffing counters in English charity shops, although this lot are trained in the martial arts, and can effortlessly remove ticketless little boys from vehicles by their ears. Ticket etiquette, should you prefer to buy one rather than pay a fine or argue with an elderly spinster, is the same as for city buses.
Area: 402 km2 (155 mi2)
Language: Lithuanian, one of the oldest languages in Europe.
Currency: Litas (LTL) 1 Euro = 3.45 LTL
Time zone: UTC/GMT + 2 hours (EET), UTC/GMT + 3 hours (summer time EEST)
Buildings cover 20,2% of the city and in the remaining areas, greenery - 43,9% and 2,1% is covered by water.
Climate: humid continental. The average annual temperature is 6.1 °C (43 °F). In January the average temperature is −4.9 °C (23 °F), in July it is 17.0 °C (63 °F).
Tap water is considered potable in most urban areas, but drinking bottled or purified water is recommended. Milk is pasteurised, meaning that dairy products should be safe for consumption. Local fruits and vegetables, meats and poultry and seafood are also considered safe.
If you’re wireless enabled, you’re ready to go online. There are many cafés, restaurants, hotels and public spaces in Vilnius that are a part of a network of paid wireless internet hotspots. Notable locations include the whole of Pilies and Gedimino, the city’s tourist information centres and the airport, of which the latter also has a few areas where you can connect for free. To use these hotspots, just turn your wireless on and choose the Zebra network. When you open your web browser you’ll see a page with instructions and prices. You can pay via SMS if you’ve got a local SIM card. Be warned, however, that the Zebra network is neither cheap nor particularly reliable. Several cafés and hotel lobbies around town provide free wireless access.